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Madagascar: Madagascar: Ankeniheny–Zahamena – Mantadia Biodiversity Conservation Corridor (REDD) Project
(BioCarbon Fund)

UNFCCC Reference No.: VCS

Project Photo 1
Indri Indri (largest surviving lemur in Madagascar, endangered) shown here in Analamazaotra (Photo: World Bank)
The majority of the primary forests of Madagascar, which harbor large numbers of endemic species, have disappeared, leaving only small forest fragments that are steadily being further reduced mainly due to shifting slash and burn agriculture and fuel wood collection. In order to reduce forest fragmentation, while at the same promoting alternative livelihood activities for impoverished communities, the Government of Madagascar, with the support of Conservation International and the BioCarbon Fund is promoting the Ankeniheny – Zahamena – Mantadia Biodiversity Conservation Corridor Project.

The project aims to reduce deforestation and forest degradation of primary Malagasy forests through the creation of a 425,000 ha protected area. This area is at the core of the remaining fragments of the Malagasy rainforest, is extremely rich in terms of biodiversity, and continues to be severely deforested.

Through the creation of a sustainable use protected area, the project aims to reduce GHG emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD). As such, the project will generate Emission Reductions from REDD, featuring as one of the first REDD initiatives in Africa. A REDD Methodology developed jointly by the BioCF and Fundação Amazonas Sustentável (FAS) will be adopted by the project. The credits generated by the REDD component can be marketed in the voluntary market.

The project is expected to generate substantial community benefits. The promotion of sustainable livelihood activities, such as the wood and fruit garden, would be an alternative to slash-and-burn agriculture (traditional production of tavy-rice) with the potential of substantially increasing the agricultural productivity in the area. These gardens would promote more sustainable production and sale of fuel wood and non-timber forest products. Income from carbon credits is a further incentive for communities to conserve the region’s forests.

The project is part of the Third Environment Program of the Republic of Madagascar, a US$150M program to protect natural resources on the Island, supported by major environmental NGOs, bilateral and multilateral donors, including the World Bank (International Development Agency) and the Global Environmental Facility. This Program implements the National Environmental Action Plan of the Government.

The project is managed by the Ministry of the Environment of Madagascar, with technical support from the World Bank, Conservation International and ANAE (a local NGO.

Madagascar: New Lease of Life for Endangered Species



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