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India: Punjab State Electricity Board High Voltage Distribution System in Punjab's Rural Areas
(Danish Carbon Fund)

The Punjab State Electricity Board (PSEB) is a statutory body fully owned by the Government of Punjab with an autonomous status. PSEB is responsible for electricity generation, transmission, and distribution in the state of Punjab. The PSEB generates its own power, and also gets a share of power from Bhakra Beas Management Board (BBMB), which operates several hydroelectric plants in the Northern region of the country. PSEB also purchases power from the Central Sector Power Projects.

PSEB is currently faced with an energy deficit of over 15 percent, which is met by a combination of dynamic load shedding and power purchase from various IPPs (Independent Power Plants) including GVK Govindwal, Malana II, Damovar Valley Corporation, etc.. According to PSEB’s business plan "PSEB- Report on Business Plan- CARE Advisory, February 2007", demand is expected to increase in the 11th plan period from 27,900 GWh in 2007 to 40,800 GWh by 2012, imposing increasing strain on PSEB.

PSEB's Transmission & Distribution (T&D) losses are currently reported to be around 25 percent. The existing distribution system for the agricultural consumers consists of feeders working at low voltage 3-phase 400 V. As a project activity, in order to reduce the technical losses, PSEB proposes to replace the existing 3-phase 400V Low Voltage Distribution System (LVDS) feeding Agricultural Pumps (AP), with an 11-kV High Voltage Distribution System (HVDS), within the five distribution zones in Punjab. Once fully commissioned, the program will bring down the technical losses of the existing agriculture distribution system, leading to an estimated saving of 1500 GWh per year from the 46 projects of Phase 1 only.

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