Project Description: The Nigeria Earthcare Solid Waste Composting Project aims to reduce green house gas (GHG) emissions by curtailing methane emissions from Municipal Solid Waste dumped in landfills in Lagos city. The project would use aerobic treatment for Municipal Solid Waste to produce compost thus avoiding the methane that would otherwise have been released into the atmosphere. In addition to treating waste the project would produce high quality compost for Nigerian farmers to use in agriculture and horticulture. In effect this would divert part of the waste (equal to the processing capacity of the compost plant) and reduce the amount of waste disposed in the landfills in Lagos by 10 to 20 percent. The compost facility would process 1500 tonnes of solid waste per day, reducing on average emissions by an expected 253,801 tCO2e per year over a fixed 10 year crediting period. The CFE has contracted 236,646 tCO2e in total. The project activity is located in Odogunyan in Ikorodu Local Government Council of Lagos State.
Current Context: The Solid Waste Management sector in Nigeria is highly neglected. The common practice is to dump the waste in often poorly managed landfills, resulting in methane emissions (potent GHG) due to development of anaerobic conditions. Lagos city comprised of an estimated population of 12 million is one of the most populous African city. The city is the industrial and commercial hub of Nigeria and due to continued migration from other parts, its population is expected to grow to over 22 million by 2015 making it one of the world’s largest cities. This continued unplanned expansion is expected to put enormous strain on the almost nonexistent Municipal Solid Waste management infrastructure.
Project Benefits: Aside from reducing GHG emissions, the project activity will help reduce the waste disposal problem in Lagos city by diverting solid waste way from landfills; produce high quality compost for sale to Nigerian farmers providing them a natural and cost effective alternative to chemical fertilizers; help improve soil quality and crop yield and strengthen food security; employ and estimated 90 skilled and unskilled workers in the facility; improve local air quality and more generally contribute to sustainable development of the region.