Poland: Walbrzych Coke Oven Gas
(The Netherlands European Carbon Facility)
The Walbrzych Project is an 8.5 MW coke oven gas power generation plant located in
Walbrzych, south-western Poland. The plant is located approximately 200 meters from the Walbrzych Coke Plant, which supplies the coke gas for the Project. Merkury Energia, a special purpose company for the Project (managed by the PEPSA Board) has a contract with the coke plant for the supply of 6,500m3/h of coke gas for about 8,000 hours annually, which will enable the gross production of approximately 68 GWh of electricity every year. Allowing for the plant’s own use and transformation losses, this will allow sales of about 62 GWh per year to the local distribution utility.5 The planned plant operating life under Merkury Energia ownership is 8 years, but the plant is expected to continue operation under a different ownership structure after that.
Commercial operations began in August 2006. The project has generated 84,844 ERs in total as of the end of 2007 according to the monitoring reports in March of 2009. Coal is the dominant fuel in the Polish power sector with more than 90% (93.4% in 2002 based on gross electricity production) of the total electricity generated from coal. In the past few years, electricity consumption was stable at around 100 – 110TWh/year (2002). Output capacity of the power sector is about 29 GW and exceeds current demand by about 40%. Electricity demand since 1990 has been more or less stable, owing in large part due to the economic restructuring during the
1990s. However, electricity demand is expected to rise significantly. The most recent forecast (New Project for Energetic Policy for Poland 2025) predicts that electricity demand will rise by about 2.2% to 2.8% per year until 2020. Recent modeling by the EU (Energy and Transport Trends up to 2030) yielded similar results. In addition to load growth, the need to reduce emissions to comply with EU standards and the critical need for modernization or replacement of the very old Polish portfolio of power plants dictates substantial refurbishment and/or new construction of Polish grid power supply over the next decade.
The electricity generated by the Project will displace grid generation, contributing to GHG reductions of ca. 428,000 tCO2e (tons of carbon dioxide equivalent) between start of operation and December 31, 2012. During the Kyoto Protocol commitment period of January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2012, the Project is expected to generate ca. 260,000 tCO2e of emission reductions.