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Bangladesh, People's Republic of: Improving Kiln Efficiency in the Brick Making Industry in Bangladesh, Hybrid Hoffman Kiln (HHK) Project
(Community Development Carbon Fund)

UNFCCC Reference Nos.: 5125 , 6085

Project Photo 1

Project Description:
The project will purchase emission reductions from 20 new energy efficient Hybrid Hoffman Kilns (HHK) in Bangladesh, located in Savar, Gazipur, Demra and surrounding areas of Dhaka and Comilla cities.  The first of its kind HHK technology reduces the amount of coal used per brick by recycling heat in the brick making progress as well as by mixing pulverized coal into the clay from which the bricks are made.  Each HHK will reduce GHG emissions by approximately 5,800  tCO2e per  annum or by 116,000 tCO2e per annum for the 20 kilns.   The project will comprise two Project Design Documents and use AMS II.D: Energy efficiency and fuel switching measures for industrial facilities. The bundling agent is the Industrial & Infrastructure Development Finance Company Ltd (IIDFCL).  The revenues from the sale of the emission reductions will be shared between the IIDFCL and the kiln owners.  The Danish Government has also signed an emission reductions purchase agreement with IIDFCL for the project.

Current Context: 
Bangladesh has over 4,000 brick kilns employing several hundred thousand people on a seasonal basis. Brick making is a highly energy-intensive activity and also a significant source of outdoor air pollution, especially around the capital city, Dhaka.  The wider dissemination of the HHK technology could therefore help to both reduce the 3 million tonnes of CO2emitted each year by the brick making sector as well outdoor air pollution. 

Community Benefits:
A social and environment framework (ESMF) has been prepared by the project entity and approved by the World Bank.  The ESMF is expected to raise occupational health and safety standards in the sector, reduce the environmental burden of the sector and improve labor practices.  All year round employment will be an added benefit.  The community benefits plan will specifically support provision of ablution facilities, a small multi- purpose facility for providing first aid and regular primary health care and safety gear and appropriate clothing at each kiln. 

Time Frame:  
The project will generate ERs over a period of 10 years. The ERPA timeline is from 2010 to 2015.

Monitoring Plan:
Data collection and monitoring will be conducted manually by the plant operators.  The plant owners will monitor and record data on a daily basis including coal consumption, daily brick production, weight of the bricks etc.  The calorific value of the coal will also be monitored.

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