Project Description: The CDM Uganda Municipal Waste Compost Program aims to recover the organic matter from municipal solid waste as compost for soil conditioning and plant growth and avoid methane emission while using the organic matter in wastes as humus. The project would result in greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) reductions and community benefits, namely generate local employment and help the country develop in an environmentally friendly and sustainable way.
The program would support Ugandan municipalities, namely Lira, Soroti, Mbale, Mukono, Jinja, Fort Portal, Kasese, Mbarara and Kabale, to set up municipal waste composting facilities. As the Project involves nine municipalities the CDM Program of Activities (PoA) approach has been adopted. Each of these compost projects is considered a CDM Program Activity (CPA) and the facilities would sustain themselves on the revenues generated from sale of compost and emission reductions.
The aggregate amount of emissions reduced by the 9 projects is approximately 900,000 ER's over a period of 10 years. A total of 156,889 Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) and 52,296 Verified Emission Reductions (VERs) will be sold to the Community Development Carbon Fund (CDCF), and include additional funding to implement a Community Benefits Plan. The entire program is voluntary in nature, both for the National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) and the municipalities.
Current Context: Uganda is a land locked African country that borders Kenya, Sudan, Rwanda and Tanzania. Uganda suffers from rapid urbanization. A significant resulting environmental concern has been the management of municipal solid wastes (MSW). 80% of Uganda’s waste is organic. While solid waste management is increasingly becoming a major concern across all the urban local authorities, the actual per capita waste generation is higher in designated urban areas which have rural character, as agriculture wastes such as banana stems are also disposed off in municipal waste systems.
The common practice is to dispose of the waste in landfills (controlled dumpsites) and there are no specific requirements for capturing and flaring the gas from landfills. Currently, waste material is subject to an anaerobic composting process that generates large quantities of methane and other noxious gases, as well as leachate, a chemical that contaminates ground and surface waters near landfill sites.
Community Benefits Plan: The Community Benefits Plan focuses on the communities that are located around each individual plant within each municipality and include: the construction of a schools, latrine pits, health centers and roads; the provision of scholastic materials, energy saving stoves for households to reduce inhaled smoke and number of trees cut and energy loss; the establishment of training and education centers for agriculture, water and energy saving practices; the improvement of water sources through the construction of wells, water storage tanks or rain water harvesting jars.
Monitoring Plan: The purpose of the Monitoring Plan (MP) is to provide a standard by which NEMA will conduct monitoring and verification of the proposed CDM project activity. The relevant parameters included in the monitoring plan shall be monitored and recorded for each of the CPAs independently. Monitoring reports will also be prepared separately for each of the CPAs. NEMA will be responsible for organizing and supervising all of the monitoring activities required for accurate and timely verification and reporting of the CERs generated.
Uganda Shows Way on Scaling up Carbon Mitigation