Rwandese Republic: Electrogaz Compact Fluorescent Lamp Distribution Project
(Community Development Carbon Fund)
UNFCCC Reference No.: 3404
Project Description: The purpose of the Rwanda Electrogaz Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL) Distribution Project is to expand the use of high-efficiency lighting technology in Rwanda’s residential sector through the distribution of high-quality Compact Fluorescent Lamps, starting with the units already connected to the grid (Component 1) and also considering the units that will be connected as part of the national electrification program (Component 2). This is a Country wide project that will be primarily located in urban areas, which are or will be covered by Electrogaz. The light bulb distribution will take place through the decentralized distribution outlets run by Electrogaz.
The CFL distribution project is implemented through four phases starting mid-2007 to 2010. A pilot phase was completed in September 2007; the second phase, started in September 2008, distributing 150,000 CFLs over the residential sector; the third phase and the fourth phase will be implemented respectively by the middle of 2009 and the end of 2009. The 156,000 tCO2e emissions reduced will be sold to the Community Development Carbon Fund (CDCF).
Current Context: Rwanda is a developing country with about 90% of the population engaged in, mainly subsistence, agriculture. It is the most densely populated country in Africa and is landlocked with few natural resources and minimal industry. Rwanda continues to receive substantial aid and obtained IMF-World Bank Heavily Indebted Poor Country (HIPC) initiative debt relief in 2005-06. Rwanda also received Millennium Challenge Account Threshold status in 2006. Rwanda faces acute electricity supply shortage even though only 7% of its total population is connected to the grid. Therefore, it is imperative that while developing electricity access in the residential sector, the electricity consumption should simultaneously be reduced or limited.
Community Benefits Plan: This efficient lighting project will benefit the customers providing them high quality, low price CFLs, thereby reducing their electricity consumption and their bills. It also enables the poorest clients to afford access to electricity on a more sustainable basis while proposing a competitive alternative to traditional fuels – such as kerosene lamps and small batteries, which have a negative impact on the local and global environment and health.
Monitoring Plan: Monitoring activities include recording of lamp distribution data for both Component 1 and Component 2. For Component 1 monitoring requires an ex ante baseline survey and ex post monitoring surveys carried out within the first year after installation and once for every 30% of the elapsed rated lifetime (or every 3 years). Component 2 monitoring involves recording annually the “power” of the device installed using nameplate data or bench tests of a sample of the units installed and metering a sample of the units installed for their operating hours using run time meters.
To assure that the ICLs are not reused, the lamps inventory and destruction process are cross-checked or supervised by an independent body who delivers a “certification”. While Electrogaz will conduct the monitoring, monitoring surveys will be undertaken by external consultants. Payments for emission reductions to the project are dependent on the delivery of the agreed community benefits.