Rwandese Republic: Electrogaz Compact Fluorescent Lamp Distribution Project
(Community Development Carbon Fund)
UNFCCC Reference No.:
The Rwanda Electrogaz Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL) Distribution Project aims to expand the use of high-efficiency lighting technology in Rwanda’s residential sector through the distribution of high-quality Compact Fluorescent Lamps. This is a country wide CFL distribution project that targets both urban and rural areas, as well as customers already connected to the power grid (component 1) and newly connected customers as part of the national electrification program (component 2).
The CFL distribution project was implemented through four phases starting mid-2007 and ending in 2014. CFL light bulbs were disseminated to customers through decentralized distribution outlets run by Electrogaz. A pilot phase was completed in September 2007; the second phase started in September 2008, distributing 150,000 CFLs to the residential sector; the third and fourth phases were implemented by 2010 and 2014 respectively. According to the PDD the implementation of the project activity is expected to reduce emissions by 238,000 tCO2e over the ten year crediting period, of which the Community Development Carbon Fund (CDCF) would purchase 130,000 tCO2e.
Current Context: Rwanda is a developing country with about 90% of the population engaged in, mainly subsistence, agriculture. It is the most densely populated country in Africa and is landlocked with few natural resources and minimal industry. Rwanda obtained IMF-World Bank Heavily Indebted Poor Country (HIPC) initiative debt relief in 2005-06 as well as the Millennium Challenge Account Threshold status in 2006. Despite the fact that Rwanda has effectively used the aid for development, the country still remains vulnerable to fluctuations in aid flows. Electricity access has increased from 6% in 2009 to 18% in 2012, but the country still faces acute electricity supply shortage, and thus it is imperative that, while developing electricity access in the residential sector, energy savings should simultaneously be increased.
Community Benefits: This efficient lighting project provides customers high quality, and competitively priced CFLs. Thanks to the project 204,000 Rwandan households are benefitting from significant reductions in electricity consumption and bills. This enables the poorest clients to afford access to electricity on a more sustainable basis while proposing a competitive alternative to traditional fuels – such as kerosene lamps and small batteries, which have a negative impact on the local and global environment and health.
Monitoring Plan: As per the Project Design Document, both component 1 (existing customers) and component 2 (newly electrified customers) require i) recording of lamp distribution data including households information, number and wattage of lamps received, ii) ex-post monitoring of the number of lamps that are still working through regular surveys of a sample of households. Operating hours for existing costumers is fixed as per the methodology and the operating hours for newly connected households is monitored with an hour meter and installed in sample households.
Rwanda Energy Group (former Electrogaz) conducts the day to day ER monitoring by keeping a database on distributed bulbs and operating hours. Household surveys are undertaken periodically by external consultants and overseen by Rwanda Energy Group. In addition, to ensure that the non-efficient ICLs recovered are not reused, the ICL bulbs are crushed and disposed of in a safe and environmentally friendly manner by the Rwanda Energy Group and the Rwanda Environmental Management Authority.