This project aims to reduce electricity consumption and reduce emissions by improving the street lighting network in 8 municipalities in India as a Demand-side Management (DSM) program. Fluorescent (T12) and mercury/sodium vapor fixtures/ lamps, which are widely used in India, will be replaced by more energy efficient technologies like T5 fluorescent tubes with electronic ballast or high pressure sodium lighting systems. This is expected to save around 37.8 Million kWh of electricity per annum and will reduce GHG emissions from the electricity grid by approximately 302,120 tCO2e over a 10 year crediting period. The CDCF will purchase 79,000 tCO2e. Asian Electronic Limited (AEL), a private international company, will implement both the technical and CDM aspects of the project while the Municipalities will act as the project sponsors and in effect will be AEL’s customers.
Energy efficient lighting is not a priority for municipalities particularly as the needed investment competes with more urgent social investment needs. Municipalities have difficulty maintaining good street lighting services and it is not uncommon for 10% to 30% of fixtures to be burnt-out or broken. The replacement of broken lamps tends to be unpredictable and to depend on population complaints, political pressure and the need to provide lighting for special activities such as festivals. Therefore, the replacement of lamps are often subject to delays and involve the use of cheaper, less efficient bulb technology.
Community Benefits generated by the project include:
- The reduction in electricity consumption leading to a lesser use of coal and other fossil fuels needed to generate electricity: This will reduce GHG and non-GHG emissions including: carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, SO2, NOx, mercury and particulates.
- Training and education of the municipal employees: This will create awareness on the efficient use of electricity and proper energy management’s positive effect on the environment.
- The reduction in energy use: The project will encourage a greater investment in municipal street lighting and provide more resources for more efficient lighting in municipalities.
- Supporting the overall financial performance of the municipalities themselves, by reducing energy bills.
- Supporting employment during the implementation and monitoring phase of the project activity.
- Promoting a best practice in street lighting technology and management by using efficient lighting equipment and reducing lines overloading.
AEL will implement the CBP in cooperation with schools. The monitoring plan will be based on the following measurable indicators: