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China: Reforestation on Degraded Land in Northwest Guangxi
(Biocarbon Fund Tranche 2)

UNFCCC Reference No.: 3561

Project Photo 1
Nursery

Context:
In Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, the headwater areas of the Pearl River, the third longest river in China, are subjected to severe soil and water erosion. The lands are sites of high precipitation, frequent storms, complex landform and steep valleys, as well as continued human disturbances (fire, grazing, and cultivation) and poor land management. About 80% of local residents are ethnic minorities, including Zhuang, Miao, Yao, Yi and Buyi ethnic nationalities, and many local people live below the poverty line. The Guangxi is considered a key area for biodiversity: with over 6,000 flora species, including 113 rare and endangered plant species, it ranks the third highest of all provinces in China.

The Project:
The Reforestation on Degraded Lands in Northwest Guangxi project is reforesting 8,000 hectares of multiple purpose forests on degraded lands in Northwest Guangxi. The project is contributing to controlling soil and water erosion, as well as to restoring degraded lands. Most tree species planted are native to the region (including a mix of birch, China fir, Chinese red pine, and sweet gum), and some of the area is planted with Eucalyptus to meet small timber and fuel wood needs. By bridging the income gap and mitigating financing risk, carbon finance is helping the project overcome investment barriers, namely the lack of commercial bank loans available for forestry activities in degraded areas.  The project is implemented by the Guangxi Longlin Forestry Development Company Ltd, in association with the Forestry Department of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (GZAR).  The project draws from GZAR’s experience in the first CDM A/R project ever registered – “Facilitating Reforestation for Guangxi Watershed Management in Pearl River Basin”, which was registered in 2006.  The project is also developed under the umbrella of the World Bank financed Guangxi Integrated Forestry Development and Conservation Project.
      

Project Photo 2
Reforestation across the mountainous landscape
Environmental Benefits:
The project is providing numerous environmental benefits. In addition to sequestering carbon dioxide, it is controlling soil and water erosion and restoring degraded land. It is also enhancing biodiversity conservation by increasing forest cover and natural habitat connectivity.

Social and Community Benefits:
The project directly involves local farmers in reforestation activities, which generate income for the local farmers and promote the development of the local community development.  The local households’ income in the project area is much lower than the national level. Revenues are being generated through both carbon revenues and the sale of wood products, resin, and other forest products.
 



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