Kenya: Redevelopment of Tana Power Station Project
(Community Development Carbon Fund)
UNFCCC Reference No.:
The project has rehabilitated the existing Tana hydropower station that lies at the end of the Masinga Reservoir and utilize water from Tana and Maragua rivers to generate renewable electricity and avoid CO2 emissions from electricity generation by fossil fuel power plants. The power plant is located about 120 kilometers north of Nairobi, close to the main Thika/Sagana Road. The replacement project generates an additional 65 GWh per year to the Kenyan grid while reducing GHG emissions by an estimated 28,000 tCO2e per year. The CDCF will purchase emission reductions from the project totaling 80,000 tCO2e from the start of project commissioning through December 2014.
Power demand in Kenya has risen considerably owing to the country’s recent improved economic growth. The recorded peak demand leaves a reserve margin between supply and demand far below the recommended 15 percent to allow for any plant outage, which is required during maintenance. Moreover, in recent years, Kenya has experienced severe droughts that have led to low water levels in the reservoirs affecting power generation negatively. With this rising demand, the reserve margin will continue to drop significantly, leading to power rationing during peak hours. KenGen (Kenya Electricity Generating Company Ltd.) is the major supplier of electricity in Kenya, contributing about 80 percent of all power consumed in the country. KenGen is stepping up its capacity expansion program to keep up with the rising demand, as well as to mitigate any adverse hydrological phenomena that might recur in the future.
A community benefits plan additional to the main project was prepared at the initiative of the CDCF. Tana is part of the Seven Forks Cascade in the River Tana basin, an area that has suffered severe drought and that is poorly served with education and health services. Specific CBP activities, which are currently being discussed and agreed with the communities, may include the following:
||The road between Wanjii and Tana (about 16 kilometers) will be murramed.
||Assistance will be provided to complete the Merira dispensary
|Access to potable water
||Potable water will be provided from the weirs.