Kenya: Redevelopment of Tana Power Station Project
(Community Development Carbon Fund)
UNFCCC Reference No.:
The project will rehabilitate the existing Tana power station that lies at the end of the Masinga Reservoir and utilize water from Tana and Maragua rivers to generate renewable electricity and avoid CO2 emissions from electricity generation by fossil fuel power plants. The power plant is located about 120 kilometers north of Nairobi, close to the main Thika/Sagana Road. The replacement project will send an additional 67.7 GWh per year to the Kenyan grid while reducing GHG emissions by an estimated 37, 268 tCO2e per year. The CDCF will purchase emission reductions from the project totaling 170,160 tCO2e from the start of project commissioning through December 2014.
Power demand in Kenya has risen considerably owing to the country’s recent improved economic growth. The recorded peak demand leaves a reserve margin between supply and demand far below the recommended 15 percent to allow for any plant outage, which is required during maintenance. Moreover, in recent years, Kenya has experienced severe droughts that have led to low water levels in the reservoirs affecting power generation negatively. Demand is projected to rise at an average of 150 MW per year. With this rising demand, the reserve margin will continue to drop significantly, leading to power rationing during peak hours. KenGen (Kenya Electricity Generating Company Ltd.) is the major supplier of electricity in Kenya, contributing about 85 percent of all power consumed in the country. In the absence of the Olkaria geothermal project, KenGen would install medium-speed diesel as a source of power, thereby increasing emissions of carbon dioxide and sulfur oxides to the atmosphere. KenGen is also stepping up its capacity expansion program to keep up with the rising demand as well as to mitigate any adverse hydrological phenomena that might recur in the future.
A community benefits plan additional to the main project was prepared at the initiative of the CDCF. Tana is part of the Seven Forks Cascade in the River Tana basin, an area that has suffered severe drought and that is poorly served with education and health services. CBP deliverables could include the following:
||The road between Wanjii and Tana (about 16 kilometers) will be murramed.
||Assistance will be provided to complete the Merira dispensary
|Access to potable water
||Potable water will be provided from the weirs.
Time Frame: 2010-2014
KenGen will provide an annual report on the progress that has been made in the implementation of the community benefits plan during the previous calendar year. The report will include a detailed description on the status of implementation of activities that create the local community benefits.