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Argentina: Salta Landfill Gas Capture Project
(Community Development Carbon Fund)

UNFCCC Reference No.: 2338

1 Project Documents

Project Photo 1
Project Description: The project activity aims to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by capturing and flaring landfill gas generated at the municipal landfill of the city of Salta, Argentina. The project aims to displace 72,008 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e) into the atmosphere during the first 7 year crediting period. The CDCF would purchase about 40,200 tCO2e. Revenues earned through the sale of these CDM compliant certified emission reductions (CERs) are administered by the Municipality of Salta to improve landfill operation and overall waste management for the city, as well as toward the community benefits plan.

Community Benefits Plan: 
Based on consultations with community leaders and the Municipality of Salta, the following basic needs were identified and considered for the development of the community benefits plan:

  • Inadequate sanitary conditions at the landfill
  • Lack of safety gear and clothes
  • Lack of appropriate working tools
  • Lack of appropriate space to classify paper and to protect workers and material from bad weather
  • Lack of training in safety and sanitary measures that expose workers to health risks
  • Lack of organization
  • Inadequate maintenance of existing working equipment (that is, paper compactor).

A community benefits plan (CBP) additional to the main project was prepared at the initiative of the Community Development Carbon Fund (CDCF). The objective of the plan is to improve the infrastructure and working conditions for separating, classifying, storing, and recycling inorganic components of municipal waste before it is taken to the landfill. Enhanced solid waste management will improve the environmental conditions of the areas surrounding the landfill site, where several thousand people live in slums.

Beneficiary Community Profile: The main beneficiaries of the CBP are the informal waste recyclers who separate, classify, store and sell recyclable materials, mostly plastic and paper, from the municipal solid waste that is disposed at the landfill site. These men and women are in the range of 20 and 55 years of age and live in the neighborhoods surrounding the landfill site. The population in the area shows a high rate of unsatisfied basic needs and structural poverty related problems.  Their average level of education is primary school. Only some have completed the first years of secondary school.

The municipality of Salta conducted a socio-economic survey among the waste recycling workers at the landfill site that enabled them to determine the primary needs of this group in terms of improving the overall quality of the working conditions and the commercial returns of their activity. Priority needs were identified by beneficiaries for the development of the CBP.

Table: CBP Activity Summary

Deliverables

Description

Shelter for workers activities

Steel shelter with corrugated metal roof, masonry walls, and concrete floor will be constructed.

Paper compactor room

Room with masonry walls, corrugated metal roof, and concrete floor will be constructed.

Multiuse room and kitchen

Corrugated metal roof, metal openings, insulated ceiling, and masonry walls with a kitchen with concrete board and sink will be constructed.

Bathrooms and sanitary services

Three washrooms for women, two washrooms for men, cold and hot water supply for four showers, and four lavatories will be constructed.

Yard for waste discharge

A 15 m (front) x 25 m yard with a concrete floor, drain system, and septic chamber will be constructed.

Time Frame: Project commissioning through to end of ERPA

Community Benefits Budget: $40,200

CBP Monitoring Plan: The Community Benefits Plan is an integral part of the Emission Reduction Purchase Agreement (ERPA) with the CDCF. As such CBP activities are to be systematically monitored and reported to the CDCF on a yearly basis. A CBP monitoring template containing key output-based indicators has been shared with the Project developer (PE). The template also provides additional qualitative questions intended to guide the project developer document some of the initial impacts/outcomes from implementing CBPs. The aim of this monitoring template is to help the PE meet its responsibilities by monitoring CBP activities and collecting both quantitative and more qualitative information on CBP status, achievements and lessons learned.

Contribution of Project Activity to Sustainable Development:
The proposed project activity will also contribute to the sustainable development of the city of Salta. In fact, the development of this project under the CDM framework implies for the Municipality of Salta a commitment to improve the current solid waste management and sustain it during the 21-year lifetime of the project. In turn, an enhanced solid waste management will bring an improvement in the environmental conditions of the surrounding areas of the landfill site -where several thousands people live in slums- due to decreased emissions of GHG and other harmful components in the LFG.

In addition, the proposed project activity will contribute to implementing a new technology, improving the demand of local labor, and encouraging the local supply of equipment and other components for the construction and operation of the LFG capture plant. These activities will build local capacity and therefore increase the possibility to replicate the project activity throughout the Northwest region of the country.

The Municipality of Salta owns the landfill that is currently operated by a private concessionaire, therefore any revenue coming from the exploitation of the landfill gas, including revenues coming from CERs sales, will be administered by the Municipality of Salta to improve landfill operation and the overall waste management in the city. For the construction, operation and maintenance of the proposed LFG recovery plant, the Municipality of Salta will call for international bids.

In addition, Municipality of Salta will allocate part of those revenues in a Community Benefit Plan (CBP). The objective of the CBP is to improve the infrastructure and working conditions for separating, classifying, storing and recycling inorganic components of municipal waste before it is landfilled. Currently this work is being done by approximately 100 people working in an informal fashion with no infrastructure or proper equipment.

Overall, the proposed activity will help to consolidate a better practice for municipal solid waste management and landfill gas recovery in Argentina where open dumps are still the common practice throughout the country. Project activities will also demonstrate the advantage of the GHG emission market and Kyoto mechanisms to finance new technologies and management in the public sector that may contribute to a sustainable development.



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