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Moldova: Biomass Heating and Energy Conservation
(Community Development Carbon Fund)

UNFCCC Reference Nos.: 0159 , 0160 , 0173

Project Photo 1

Project Description
The project installs new heating systems for a variety of public buildings as well as rehabilitates respective buildings. The main feature of this project is the use of biomass as an alternative fuel for heat production. The aim is to increase the overall efficiency of the heating systems up to 80-90 percent and simultaneously to reduce the GHG emissions by implementing energy efficiency and fuel switching measures. The CDCF has contracted 185,000 tCO2e.

Current Context
Most public buildings in Moldova are currently supplied with heat from inefficient and outdated boilers via an extremely deteriorated heat distribution network with a high level of heat loss and an overall average system efficiency of less than 50 percent.

 Community Benefits
The project has inherent direct benefits.  The local communities are directly involved in the planning and managing of the benefits coming from the project implementation. The project will include up to 200 activities distributed throughout 13 municipalities in Moldova, including about 50 schools and kindergartens (with more than 15,000 children) and about 25 hospitals and clinics with more than 4,000 beds. These benefits were discussed and agreed at the local council meetings where the decisions with regard to public buildings to be included in the project and the financial allocations were conducted. Communities took part in these discussions either through the public consultations or by communicating directly with the Council members.

Deliverables

Description

Increased duration of heating period

Heating duration was increased from 60 to 167 days per year during the heating season.

Improved heating service

Living conditions improved in select buildings from more stable heat supply.

Increased efficiency in heat supply

Per unit costs of heat production decreased through improved insulation of the buildings. The public agencies operating the buildings included in the projects and the users of the buildings will accrue monetary savings from increased heat efficiency.

Employment opportunities

Approximately 100 new employment opportunities for district heating enterprises operations will be created.

Better air quality

Heating improvements and energy efficiency increases will have a positive impact on Moldovan forests, which currently supply fuelwood, and will result in better air quality.

Public health benefit

Improvements will indirectly reduce illness caused by cold living conditions.

Public services (for subprojects)

Social programs or other sustainable development activities in the local communities will be funded. Local councils will identify and agree on implementation of social programs or other sustainable development activities.

Time Frame: 2006-2017

Monitoring Plan: The project sponsor will prepare an Annual Progress Report on the implementation of the community benefits plan during the previous calendar year. The Progress Report will include a detailed description on the status of implementation of activities that create local community benefits.

 This project has benefited 118 Local Authorities between 2006-2007. Mayors interviewed by World Bank Task Manger of Project  2007 Supervision mission were quoted to say” that the snow around schools are now  white, before the project snow was black of soot”  The Mayors went on to mentioned that the increasing  of the heating period in buildings; increasing of the heating level comfort; improvement the conditions of heating working places and in all heated building; and decreasing of noxious and GHG emissions in the atmosphere.

Supervison Report 2007





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