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Validation and Verification Manual
Development of a CDM and JI Validation and Verification Manual The International Emissions Trading Association and the World Bank Carbon Finance Unit / Prototype Carbon Fund (PCF) have started a process to develop a CDM and JI Validation and Verification Manual. The VVM will be a guidance document that describes the process of validation and verification activities. The VVM will be "owned" and used by DOEs (and other project participants). The final draft of the VVM is expected to be ready by COP9, after a thorough review, participation and feedback process. More information is available on the PCF/IETA VVM website at:

Environment Publications
The World Bank's Greenhouse Gas Assessment Handbook- GHG Handbook, 1998 (A practical guidance document for the assessment of project-level greenhouse gas emissions. Please be informed that this is a 953KB PDF file which may take a moment to load.)

Links to Environmental Information
>> Prototype Carbon Fund (PCF) (
>> Community Development Carbon Fund (CDCF) (
>> BioCarbon Fund (
>> UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (
>> Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) (
>> Initiatives of the World Bank in reducing global climate change (
>> World Bank - ESMAP Landfill Gas (LFG) to-Energy Initiative for the Latin American Region(
>> The World Bank Group (

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