Moldova: Community Forestry Development
UNFCCC Reference No.:
Site for reforestation in Moldova
In the Republic of Moldova, soil erosion and landslides are major land-use issues from an economic and environmental point of view. These problems, if allowed to continue, could result in long-term adverse impacts on the land productivity in several parts of the country. The degraded lands in Moldova are subjected to negative anthropogenic or natural processes that have the potential to cause at least 5% or more productivity loss, as well as a corresponding increase in the cost of restoration. Such lands have also been found to show that productivity declines with the loss of carbon pools. Degraded lands are adversely impacted by physical, chemical, and biological processes, such as accelerated erosion, leaching, soil compaction, and salinization. They are also subject to increased drought risk.
The Moldova Community Forestry Development Project is creating new community forests through the afforestation of 10,000 hectares of eroded and unproductive lands, application of agro-forestry practices, and creation of forest protection belts. The project is enhancing greenhouse gas removals by sinks, improving forest and pastoral resources at local and regional level, providing wood to the local population, and contributing to local and regional sustainable development. The project is implemented by hundreds of local councils in association with the National Forest Agency of Moldova (Moldsilva), which registered the second ever A/R CDM project – Moldova Soil Conservation.
Environmental benefits of the project includes restoration of degraded lands, prevention of soil erosion, increase in forest cover, and replenishment of carbon stocks on degraded lands, which assists with the mitigation of climate change. The project is helping to prevent landslides, improve hydrological regime, and minimize water and wind erosion. In addition, the afforested areas will act as shelter-belts and limit adverse impacts of soil erosion from degraded lands on adjoining lands. The project activities are promoting the protection of threatened species, improvements in ecological succession, and restoration of habitats of endangered flora and fauna—activities that support biodiversity.
Social and Community Benefits:
The project is supporting local communities by improving soil productivity and increasing the supply of fuelwood, timber, and non-timber products. Local councils are actively involved in the project, through land ownership and management. The project is creating local employment, for both men and women, through planting, weeding, tending, thinning, protection, and harvesting of wood. In the medium- to long-term, the project will provide multiple products, services, and income from sale of timber and non-timber products, such as medicinal plants, and honey from beekeeping. The fuelwood supplies are helping to meet the cooking energy needs of rural and urban households, which also prevents further deforestation.