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Alternative Approaches to Addressing the Risk of Non-Permanence in Afforestation and Reforestation Projects under the Clean Development Mechanism

Non-permanence and reversals - the issue:

Carbon stored in terrestrial sinks, such as forests and soils, is susceptible to "re-emission" when subject to natural disturbance or human intervention, and green greenhouse gas benefits of terrestrial projects may thus be non-permanent. This risk is also commonly referred to as carbon reversal. In afforestation and reforestation (A/R) projects under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), the risk of carbon reversal is currently handled by issuing temporary credits for carbon storage.

Overview on the report:

This report examines alternative approaches for addressing the risk of carbon reversal in A/R CDM projects. It is an effort to inform ongoing UNFCCC discussions on the effectiveness and economic and practical feasibility of a range of alternative approaches. The report's analysis does not seek to recommend a specific approach, but instead outlines the options available and their relative strengths and shortcoming. It provides quantitative and qualitative insights into the performance of a range of different approaches

The report is based on the results of a study commissioned by the BioCarbon Fund and carried out by the Duke University's Nicholas Institute with guidance from the BioCarbon Fund's team. Technical Workshop: Possible Approaches to Addressing the Risk of Non-Permanence in the LULUCF Sector - April 22, 2013
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