India: Himachal Pradesh Reforestation Project
(Biocarbon Fund Tranche 2)
UNFCCC Reference No.: 4174
The state of Himachal Pradesh is located in the North-Western Himalayan region of India and has 12 districts, which are categorized into four agro-climatic zones: i) Shiwalik hills, ii) Mid hills, iii) High hills and iv) Cold dry zone. The net sown area of Himachal Pradesh has declined over the past decades, and forests in Himachal Pradesh are in continuous degradation as a result of biomass loss. Since the Government of India’s 1980 Forest Conservation Act banned conversion of forestland to non-forest uses, there has been no shift of non-cropland, such as forest, revenue, and common land, to agricultural land. Thus, the degraded forest and community land cannot be converted to agriculture or horticulture, and the most plausible baseline scenario is continued degradation of forest and community land.
The project is restoring highly vulnerable degraded lands, including forestland, degraded community land, and degraded and abandoned private lands in the Mid-Himalayan watersheds. Thus, the project is improving the productive potential of the degraded land and watershed catchment areas by enhancing biomass production and carbon stocks. In addition, the project activities are promoting biodiversity conservation, soil conservation and environmental protection through planting and protection of native tree species, reduction in soil erosion, and prevention of downstream siltation of water bodies.
Social and Community Benefits:
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